spiral staircase uk regulations

December 12, 2020   |   

Secondary domestic stair intended to be used by a limited number of people who are generally familiar with the stair, Similar to category A but also providing the main access to the upper floor of a private dwelling. Our exterior spiral staircases have been specially designed for self-assembly by those in the building trade and are fully compliant with UK Building regulations. For building regulations in relation to spiral staircases being used for one habitable room, it is essential that the individual step rise measures no more than 220mm. Landing width shall not be less than the required staircase width. In addition to complying with Part K of the Building Regulations, you will also need to ensure that your spiral staircase complies with the requirements of BS6399 Part 1: 1996 Loadings for buildings.This is a … Generally providing access for more than 50 people. Normally this would be: If you are undertaking works to an existing building and you are unable to follow this guidance because of constraints within the existing property, you will need to speak to your local building control to agree an acceptable design. Both category 2 and 3 requirements are optional and used by architects or developers specifically looking to create this type of access to a building. Part K of the Building Regulations provides the guidelines for ensuring occupants or visitors to a house are protected against falling, collision or impact. You can download them at: https://www.spiral.uk.com/technical-information. In addition to this more specifically spiral and helical staircases fall under BS 5395 Part II. Below are specification sheets for our Spiral Staircases. When considering staircase design ideas in your home it is always worth being aware of the regulatory implications of the staircase design you are looking to use. All spiral staircases must have a handrail on the outer edge of the staircase, and the handrail must be between 34 and 38 inches above the stair treads. Sign up to receive email updates on our latest staircases, news, activities and services. Building Regulations. (See 1.17 of the regulations Approved Document K). Minimum clear width between core pole & handrails: 800mm (900 in Scotland), Minimum going from the centre of the tread: 190mm. Spiral UK have created the following guidance to help you understand the staircase design building regulations specifically for a private home. Spiral Staircase Building Regulations. Spiral UK have developed guidance on the standards for spiral and helical staircases in the form of British Standard specification sheets for the different categories of spiral and helical stairs. As mentioned above these regulations cover protection from falling, collision or impact. Our smaller compact spiral staircase with a 750mm radius is compliant with Category A - a small spiral stair. For instance, if the stair flight is 900mm wide then the landing must be at least 900mm x 900mm. If a stair includes a mixture of straight and tapered treads, the going of the tapered treads should not be less than the going of the straight treads. The document governing spiral staircase building standards in the UK is British Standard 5395 part 2. place of public assembly. Get in touch today. Our staircase showroom in Romsey has seven spiral staircase models on display for you to touch and feel to appreciate the quality of the materials. Established in 1966, Spiral are the UK’s longest standing manufacturer of high-quality, bespoke staircases, and are leaders in the marketplace with a reputation for stunning design, premium quality and highly-skilled craftsmanship. At the top of each flight of stairs you must have a landing. If you are considering a spiral staircase design within your building project the British Standards Document BS 5395 Part II applies. The rules within Part K don’t apply to spiral or helical staircase designs. Stair balusters shall be spaced so a 4-inch object cannot pass between. This type of spiral or helical stairs is intended for use by a limited number of people who are generally familiar with staircase. Volume 1 looks at what is required for dwellings (private houses). Staircases are fast becoming a key component in the interior design of a property often being utilised as a central feature within high-end homes. The document governing spiral staircase building regulations in the UK is British Standard 5395 part 2. Building regulations relate to the shape, depth, height, and level of your staircase as well as the pitch, the clearance above it and the width of the landings. QStairs spiral stair kits are designed to be compliant with the building regulations for domestic spiral stairs. Spiral Staircases in the UK and Beyond. Spiral staircase kits are a cost-effective alternative to using a bespoke staircase service. Another important factor is that you can not have gaps of more than 100mm situated between the balusters or the individual steps. Primary stair – For a main stair serving 2 or more habitable rooms you require a 800mm clear width (900mm in Scotland), max rise of 220mm and a centre going of 190mm. If the staircase is external and part of the main entrance or it is an alternative accessible entrance to the home, you will also need to comply with the Building Regulations Part M Section 1 and 6. In Approved Document K 1.28 it says: “Design spiral and helical stairs in accordance with BS 5395-2” Our spiral staircases all have a centre column located in the middle of the opening – not the side of the opening. Make sure you are aware of Building Regulations requirements for staircases when thinking about your design. Staircases should have a maximum rise of 220mm and a … If you are considering a spiral staircase design within your building project the British Standards Document BS 5395 Part II applies. These spirals are available in 2 diameters, 1400mm and 1600mm with clear widths of 607 and 707mm respectively. If the staircase is external and has tapered steps, The Going can be between 280-300mm. Protection from falling involves the fitting of safety measures on staircases, ramps and ladders, as well as advice about the positioning of balusters, vehicle barriers and windows to avoid injury. When undergoing works to a listed or historical building you are allowed a balanced approach to the compliance. Part K of the Building Regulations provides the guidelines for ensuring occupants or visitors to a house are protected against falling, collision or impact. Where you have an open riser in your staircase design the treads should overhang the riser by at least 16mm. Please feel free to get in touch with any questions. If a staircase is made up of more than 36 risers in one consecutive line, then you must include at least one change of direction in the staircase. When deciding on staircase design, specifications and compliance it is always helpful to engage an expert early on. As one of the leading staircase manufacturers in the UK, Spiral UK would be pleased to help if you have any specific questions. Call us on 01794 522445 to book an appointment. For accessibility you should try to avoid a stepped level change on the entrance storey of a house. 1. Hampshire If you'd like to see how we manage your personal information take a look at our privacy policy. Staircase Building Regulations UK Staircases have the potential to be safety hazards if not designed properly. UK Staircase Winder Regulations. Here you can find guidance, developed by our design engineers, to help you design spiral and helical staircases that are compliant with this British Standard. All Spiral UK’s bespoke staircases comply with BS5395 Part II 1984. A landing could be part of the upper floor of the house or part of the staircase structure. You can find more information in our cookie policy. Intended to be used by those generally familiar with the stair. The stairs in our external spiral staircase range are a cost effective, robust solution for both commercial and domestic applications. Intended to be used by large numbers of people, some of whom may be unfamiliar with the stair. The shoulder should be no less than 1.8metres. The area should be kept clear of permanent obstructions. 1.1. Knowing what kind of headroom or winder you can use is very, very important. Eric Nicholls MD of Spiral UK said “Like all industries staircase manufacturing has its jargon and it is useful to explain the different terms we use for the types of staircase design and the points to bear in mind when considering them in a build project, as well as the regulations. In some cases, the staircase may be the only effective means of escape. It looks at fire safety and ensuring occupants have an effective means of escape from all rooms in a building in the event of a fire. Cupernham Lane As staircase specialists, the staff here at Stairs Direct UK Ltd have been supplying and installing spiral stairs, spiral staircases and straight staircases for over 20 years, from hardwood spiral stairs in oak to straight glass stairs with stainless steel balustrades. Domestic spiral staircases come under 2 aspects of the Building regulations depending upon their usage Primary stair - For a main stair serving 2 or more habitable rooms you require a 800mm clear width (900mm in Scotland), max rise of 220mm and a centre going of 190mm. The rules and regulations for spiral staircases are still laid out by the British Standard 5395 although the Scottish regulations still require the 900mm clear tread width for a main stair as opposed to the 800mm mentioned in the BS. For most staircases, the building regulations require the centre of the winder tread depth (dimension “A”) must be equal to or larger than the depth of the going on the straight flight (dimension "B"). The Pitch cannot be steeper than 42O. Spiral UK offer guidance on staircase design building regulations and costs. Approved Document K requires that if a staircase design uses consecutive tapered treads they should all have a consistent going (the horizontal distance between the edge of one tread and the next). For spiral staircases the relevant building regulation to follow is British Standard 5395 part 2. The centre of the staircase should be no less than 1.9 metres from the ceiling. 1067mm diameter can have 1 extra Victoria or Plain baluster. Please get in touch. We use cookies on this site to analyse traffic, remember your preferences, and optimise your experience. Buy online from Spiral Stairs Direct. A small basic loft spiral staircase in kit form would start at around £1000, and a larger spiral suitable as the main stair in a house would retail at around £5000. The staircase categories relating to residential spiral or helical staircases are A small private stair or B private stair. We specialise in the design, manufacture and installation of bespoke staircases including spiral and helical stairs. Calculate Spiral Stair and Circular Stair Geometry - Curved, Circular and Spiral Stair Plan Diagrams ... Be sure to follow local building regulations regarding all stair dimensions. Large commercial stair designed to be used by many people at one time e.g. Fully compliant with UK Building Regulations. Small commercial stair providing access      for up to 50 people. Part K of the Building Regulations provides the guidelines for ensuring occupants or visitors to a house are protected against falling, collision or impact. SPIRAL STAIRS. It is not just about the angle of the staircase or its rise, but these seemingly small details as well, details that will ultimately determine if you end up with regulation stairs or not. If you want to pass spiral staircase building regulations, for example, you will have more homework to do. The areas we have talked about are offered as guidance only. If the staircase is wider than 1000mm, call the Pear Stairs … Loft Conversion Staircase Regulations Because the ceiling height in most lofts is lower than in other parts of the home, there are special rules regarding staircases and headroom. You can have cupboard doors that open onto the landing, but these should be kept closed/locked under normal conditions and when open should allow at least 400mm of space on the landing between the doors and the edge. For private staircases (stairs inside a residential property): The Rise (vertical space between one step and the next) can be between 150-220mmThe Going can be between 220-300mm. Note: if the staircase also forms part of the escape route from the house you will also need to adhere to the requirements in Approved Document B: Volume 1 – Dwellinghouses. UK Building Regulations require a minimum Clear Width on each tread of 600mm for staircases serving one room only. Approved Document K includes advice on protection from falling, collision and impact. A 5-foot diameter or larger stair will provide this standard stair width. The going must be betwee… The key measurement for tread width is called the “clear width”. Our spiral staircases are supplied across the UK and Europe – we have even delivered to Antigua! The table below is for guidance only – please check with your local planning authority for confirmation. BS6499: Part 1: 1996 Loadings for buildings. Indoor and outdoor products. 1.2. The staircase in your building project will need to conform to Building Regulations. In addition to spiral stairs we are also experts in the design of helical or curved staircases, cantilever stairs (also known as floating staircases) and concrete stairs. You must also ensure that a 100mm diameter ball cannot pass through the open riser. Spiral staircases vary dramatically in cost and will be driven by application, and then specification. The document governing spiral staircase building regulations in the UK is British Standard 5395 part 2. Building Regulations Part M covers guidelines on access to and use of a building. In addition to a category A stair, this private stair can also provide the main access to the upper floor of a private dwelling. 1067mm – 1194mm Spiral Staircases 1321mm Spiral Staircases 1448mm Spiral Staircases 1676mm Spiral Staircases 2083mm Spiral Staircases. All building regulation spirals must comply with the 100mm sphere rule, i.e there must be no gaps greater than 99mm anywhere on the spiral staircase. For example, an internal stair in a dwelling serving one room not being a living room or a kitchen, an access stair to an office not used by the public, or spiral fire escape stairs for a small number of people. A conversion featuring spiral stairs can look great but, as I always say, looks aren’t everything. Spiral or helical staircase regulations. You must allow a minimum of 2m headroom on all landings and between the pitch line and any structures above the staircase. For residential properties there are three main areas: Section 1: Category 1 - Visitable Dwellings, Section 2: Category 2 – Accessible and Adaptable Dwellings, Section 3: Category 3 – Wheelchair User Dwellings. Unit 15 Belbins Business Park This is split down into 5 categories as shown in the chart below. Consideration should also be given to the balance between The Rise and The Going. It applies to all new build homes or houses that are ‘undergoing a material alteration’. Category C small semi-public, D semi-public or E public stairs tend to be for staircase projects in commercial and public spaces. Select and Re-Calculate to display. Guidance on building regulations for residential staircases, https://www.spiral.uk.com/technical-information. Building Regulations Part K dictates the requirements for the gradient of a staircase. 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