how many eggplants per plant

December 12, 2020   |   

Otherwise, it’ll become waterlogged and drown the roots. Warm temperatures above 95°F may cause blossom drop and decreased yield. The smooth and glossy eggplants heavily hang down from the stems. Posted: May 1, 2013, Posted by: Deborah Raven-Lindley Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. In general, multiply the number of plants per person by 3 or 4 for a family-sized planting, except for vine crops like cucumbers or squash. Tomato hornworms are the epitome of The Very Hungry Caterpillar. Once harvested, cut the eggplant in half and scoop out the seedy pulp. It’s a tricky plant to grow and can be intimidating to cook. They can be prevented by using overhead covers or diatomaceous earth. Of anything, it’s a great companion plant for tomatoes. Eggplants require at least 1 inch of water per week, especially once fruits begin to grow. Otherwise, you’ll be creating a soil haven for nightshade-loving pests and diseases. Soil: Eggplants grow best in a well-drained soil that is relatively high in organic matter. If you’re growing eggplants close to other plants, you might find the large leaves begin to encroach on their space. Handle the fruit carefully, as it bruises easily. Let the designated fruit mature fully on the vine before harvesting it. If needed, treat the disease with copper fungicide. As eggplants mature, their flavor turns bitter, the flesh gets tough, and the seeds grow. Plant them where they won’t be shaded out by other plants and give them at least 18” of space away from other plants. The ideal daytime temperature is between 70 and 85°F. Plant them in full sunlight and away from tall shadow-casting plants. I hope this helps. Eggplant harvested at the right time will have hard flesh and small seeds. The only widely-used method to lengthen the shelf life is to pickle them. Eggplants need quite a bit of room to grow. Humidity is difficult to control outside, so you may want to grow your plants indoors if this is a recurring problem. The standard eggplant produces egg-shaped, glossy, purple-black fruit. Stake and cage them early. San Diego reader Don Skolnik wrote to our SoCal Garden Clinic to ask if eggplant can be grown as a perennial. Find out here. Eggplants grow 16 to 48 inches (41 to 122 centimeters) tall, 14 to 36 inches (35 to 91 centimeters) wide, and produce fruit that is 2 … Luckily, you can minimize evaporation by applying mulch to the soil, and this helps conserve moisture. Staking or caging may be needed to keep the stem upright. I know that SoCal can vary quite a bit depending on if you are coastal, inland or whatnot. Most commercial varietie… If you can’t get the soil tested, a 10-10-10 fertilizer is a good choice. Even today, in India, eggplant is called “King of Vegetables”. They also don’t freeze well or hold up with other preservation methods. Despite their intriguing looks though, these bugs are pests around eggplants. Last year I grew about 150 plants; Black Beauty, globe Italian kinds, Rosa (lavender) kinds, Asian (long) kinds, and a few heirlooms like Listada da Gandia. These charming plants will thrive in raised beds, pots, and even upside down! Once the plants bloom, apply a side-dressing every two weeks at the most. This fungus is boosted by humidity, so only water at the roots and give your plant a support to improve aeration. Molly Watson. In the ground, space your baby eggplants about 2 feet apart with 3 feet between rows. Solanum melongena is native to Southeast Asia, particularly India where it’s one of the top crops grown. Legumes such as beans or lentils are also excellent companions when you plant eggplant. It’s also widely grown in the US and some European countries where it’s an important part of Mediterranean cuisine. If this is not possible, plant eggplants in a spot that get only partial shade. Note that larger planters will offer the potential for larger yields. A: This depends on the variety and how well you care for your plants. Needless to say, this fungus is not a pretty sight. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. Planting eggplants straight in the ground is possible but it’s best to give them a headstart and plant indoors 6-10 weeks before the last frost. However, in climates with cold winters, it’s planted as an annual. Eggplant are members of the same plant family as tomatoes and peppers (Solanaceae family) and cultural practices employed in eggplant production are similar to those crops. If you can, do multiple small harvests over a few weeks instead of all at once. For ideal growth, the pH should be between 5.5 and 6.8. The resulting eggplants also may not be true to type. Common name: Eggplant, aubergine, guinea squash; Botanical name: Solanum melongena; Origin: East Indies, India; More tips: Eggplant Growing. And, after learning about the plant’s needs, growing eggplant is a breeze! Eggplants require very high temperatures to grow and thrive in a garden. Their size and shape range from small and round to long slender fruit. Resistant varieties are a godsend for vegetable gardeners. The eggplant needs to be healthy and free from deformities. Posted by: Jenny Servick How many eggplants do you get per plant? As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. The group of eggplants that ripen red or orange generally belong to the species Solanum aethiopicum, an African cousin of the common eggplant. You’ll enjoy your harvest the most if you eat it fresh. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Pyrethrin sprays are a fast-acting and organic choice that will eliminate flea beetles as well as Japanese beetles. Because they’re grown as annuals, Solanum melongena is usually only propagated by seed. If you aren’t sure, lightly cut into it and take a look inside. Light requirements: Full sun for best yields. What you plant depends on your preference and how mauch yield you want for eating. In 5th century China, it was used to make dye and various recipes. A simple wooden stake or tomato cage works well as long as it’s over 3 feet tall. For stakes, place each one about an inch away from the plant’s base and loosely tie the stem to it with a fiber-based tie. Blossom drop is another potential problem. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. In 2-3 days, transfer them to an envelope or paper bag and store in a cool location until you’re ready to plant them. Also, you need a regular fertilizer program for plants to do well....don't just stick it in the ground and forget to feed them. I have grown squash before and it produced well. Sunlight: Eggplants require full sun. The plants get pretty large, so you’ll need at least a 5-gallon container. So, how big do eggplants grow? Click here to go to the topics page to know more about the crop. Other types are less egg-like though, like Turkish Orange and variegated Shooting Stars. My experience has been that 2-4 eggplants per plant is more common with the classic varieties such as Black Beauty than 6-12 fruit. Well the stupid thing is now completely covering 8 sq ft and its leaves hang over another couple of squares. There’s actually an astonishing variety of eggplants. Because of this, avoid constantly planting those species in the same location year after year. The Globe eggplant is perfect to slice up and throw on the grill or dice it up and roast it in the oven.. You can even use this eggplant when you're making Baba Ghanoush, a delicious Middle Eastern spread or side dish. Their sometimes spiny stems grow medium-sized leaves that are purple-tinged in some varieties. If you really want to get creative, eggplants can also be grown upside down like tomatoes. Use pruning to your advantage by controlling the fruit size. I like to use these little reusable zip ties when staking my plants because they are gentle on the stalks, and I can reuse them year after year. They were both root bound in coconut coir pots though so they grew only about 18 inches tall and couldn't get their roots past the pots fibers. Many anecdotal references show that singing to your plants helps them to grow better. Use copper fungicide if the fungus gets out of control. Although named Japanese (or Chinese) eggplant, these longer and thinner eggplants aren't restricted to Japan or Japanese cuisine.Their slim shape makes them particularly good for cutting on the bias (a.k.a. Most products made for tomatoes will also do wonders for growing eggplants. I'm not going to complain though becase I'm reading that typical yield is 3-6 eggplants per plant, with best estimates at 9-12. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. If your eggplant varieties have prickles, pull on some gloves before harvesting. Eggplant deteriorates rapidly, so don't wait too long to use it. Once your soil is warm, place your eggplant seedlings at a planting distance of 18 to 24 inches apart. Female parts alone make seeds, hence fruit. Cucumbers 6 plants on trellises Tomatoes 9 plants Zucchini 5 plants Bell Peppers 19 plants Cabbage 2 plantings Lettuce 2 plantings Beans 2 plantings Chard A: These plants grow slowly. Blunt and broad at the blossom end, the eggplants retain their color well. Is eggplant supposed to be mushy? Cercospora leaf spot is a fungus that starts at the bottom of plants and works its way up. Phomopsis fruit rot will turn your eggplant varieties from gorgeous to ghastly. Separate the seeds by hand. Indoors, plant in a seedling tray or peat pots. Ideally, choose a spot that gets sun for more than 6 hours per day to plant your eggplants. Italian eggplants are like smaller, slightly sweeter, versions of globe eggplants that still maintain a thick, spongy texture. In the meantime, opt for a misting bottle instead of a watering can so you don’t wash the seeds away. Q: How many eggplants do you get per plant? Eggplants will lap up lots of water so keep the soil consistently moist (about 1-2” per week). When they feed on this plant, the leaves become spotted with yellow and brown. The name “eggplant” actually comes from varieties like the Japanese White Egg, which are just the size, shape, and color of eggs. Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. A: Plants in the Solanum family, such as tomatoes, peppers, and potatoes, are good choices because they have the same care needs as eggplant. The classic, saturated purple variety that you see in stores is called Black Beauty – and beautiful it is! This very popular variety holds up well with high quality and fine flavor. A native of the tropics, eggplant are warm-season plants that are more vulnerable to cold temperatures than tomatoes. Container: When growing eggplants in containers, the minimum volume should be at least 3 gallons per plant. You’ll have to sacrifice an eggplant or two to save the seeds. I live in South Carolina, zone 8a I think. Purplish-black smooth eggplants. Eventually, flea beetles will chew away the majority of the leaf. Grown as an annual I think 0-12 depending on the growing season and nutrients and variety of eggplant. This disease can stay in your soil even after the eggplants are gone, so any other plant susceptible to verticillium is also at risk in that spot. Replace the tie as needed as the plant grows. For Japanese eggplant growing, you’ll get a high yield if you trim the top of the plants, forcing them to grow outwards instead. Listada da Gandia is a medium sized fruit (not to mention gorgeous) but yields quite a lot; it wasn't unusual to pick 5-7 per plant each week....as opposed to 1-2 Black Beauties most weeks. BT and pyrethrin sprays will take care of the hungry adult potato beetles, as will row covers. This bushy, spreading 24 to 30" plant bears purplish-black, smooth, oval 6.5" x 5" fruit. This past summer, Skolnik said, he … Solanaceae Solanum melongena These plants will give you multiple harvests, so keep up with this schedule to keep the fruit coming. These plants also feature floppy violet flowers that are almost as showy as the fruit they produce. (2 points) If your plant gets powdery mildew, try neem oil on the leaves. Here’s how to harvest and store your yield for the best – and tastiest – results. During the fruit setting stages and as the temperature increases a lot (35 o C or 95 o F), they increase irrigation sessions, due to the high needs of the plant. They’ll remain viable for 4 years, but are best sown as soon as possible. Reaching 3 feet tall, eggplant plants look a bit like small trees. However, they do prefer dry conditions over humid ones. The bigger the fruit is is, the fewer the plant produces and the longer it takes. Planting: Space 24 to 36 inches apart. If you clip off excess leaves and all but a few blossoms, more energy will be directed into growing large egg plants. Fortunately, they do not require too much care, and are fairly easy to grow. Water: Once established, eggplants can tolerate dry conditions. Our goal is to pick it when the flavor and texture are optimal while reaching a good size. These botanical berries are picky about their temperature and water, so pay close attention. These soon-to-be moths are large, green, and ravenous for solanum plants. When the pollen gets moist, it becomes sticky which prevents it from blowing off with the wind. Many recipes will call for "1 cup of cubed eggplant" but it is not always easy to figure out actually how many eggplants are in a cup.In order to help make cooking easier we did some experiments to help tell you exactly how many eggplants you need to buy. Prevent it by keeping the plant dry, using disease-free seeds, and immediately destroying infected areas. In containers, plant one per 18 to 24 inch container. Make sure all the pulp is rinsed off and set them out to dry in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated location. How to grow eggplants Eggplant cultivation tips Eggplant characteristics Eggplant or aubergine belong to the plant family of Solanaceae. Once seedlings emerge, lower the soil temperature to 70°F. Black Beauty bears 1 to 3 pounds of fruit. Amend soil with 3 to 5 inches of compost or other organic matter prior to planting. Make sure to keep in mind that eggplant is part of the solanaceous family (also called nightshade). If you come across these eggs, crush them before they can hatch. It’s no wonder they’re such a revered piece of produce. If you’re short on space, growing eggplants in containers is just as easy – if not easier – as the ground. It creates yellow and light brown spots that eventually turn dark and dry out the whole leaf. ‘Black Beauty’ is the traditional eggplant size. Colorwise, they aren’t limited to purple. If you aren’t a fan of the flavor, use them as decorative features in your landscaping or indoor container garden. It should be thin, glossy, and firm. Bury the eggplant seeds ¼ inch deep and 1-3 inches apart. Sadly, eggplants only last a week in the fridge before they lose quality. This is a large tribe of plants with many sub-groups such as Gilo and Kumba, both of which are represented in the Baker Creek seed catalog. This fungus shows up as light-colored, sunken areas on the fruit that grow to consume the whole thing. Protect your plants and prevent fungal growth by using resistant varieties and practicing good crop rotation. Soil pH should be 6.2 to 6.8. On the flip side, leave the plant alone to get numerous, but small, eggplants. A large selection of varieties makes eggplants available in several colors (for example, purplish black, red, white and variegated) and shapes (for example, egg-shaped, elongated and round). The fruits of an eggplant are technically berries, as I said at the top. Give plants an extra boost before planting with a general fertilizer. Eggplant need lots of heat and long daylight hours to do their best....they start thriving here when the temperatures start averaging around 95. Eggplants should be picked as soon as they are ripe, with slightly immature fruits tasting best. It does like a long growing season though, so you’ll have the best chance of success if you start the seeds early. The smaller fruited Italian, Chinese, Indian, or Japanese varieties produce greater numbers, but maybe not more total weight. Humidity can accelerate the growth of bacteria and interfere with pollen dispersal. This oil is also helpful for getting rid of other garden pests. In the kitchen, this berry is considered a vegetable because of its texture and taste. I pick eggplant usually once each week; twice each week at the peak of the season. It will take about 2-3 weeks for the seeds to germinate. A: Plants in the Solanum family, such as tomatoes, peppers, and potatoes, are good It’s closely related to and shares many growing problems with tomatoes, peppers, and tomatoes. As a result, the flowers don’t get pollinated. Eggplant Yield. Yes, but technically it’s a berry – even if it doesn’t look like one. Q: How long does it take to grow an eggplant? You may want to protect them against pests and the elements with row covers. Soil requirements: Eggplants need well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. Eggplant plants love to be warm. It's skin is dark purple, it's pear shaped and it has a meaty inside. The two plants I had last year gave me 2 eggs plants from one plant and 0 from the other. (45 points) If you’re growing bush beans, tarragon or thyme, place them near your eggplants, as they’re helpful companion plants. Before fruits form, stake the stems to provide extra late-season support. The smaller fruited Italian, Chinese, Indian, or Japanese varieties produce greater numbers, but maybe not more total weight. "roll cutting") and stir-frying in big chunks.Use this type of eggplant in recipes for Szechuan eggplant in garlic sauce, pan-fried eggplant with miso, and Thai grilled eggplant. In very warm weather, you may want to set your soaker hose to run on an irrigation timer to ensure regular soil moisture. (2 points) Colorado potato beetles are actually kind of pretty with their orange and white coloring and uniform stripes. We love eggplants here, but not everyone agrees with us. Because the stem is woody, cut, do not pull, the fruit from the plant. If your eggplant growing is eggplant-less, you may be overfertilizing. Eggplants need a balanced diet of NPK, so choose your fertilizer accordingly. Check out this great vegetable garden plan for inspiration! Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. We don’t recommend you put it in a fruit basket though. It has seeds, so is eggplant a fruit? We’ve done the work for you in adjusting the numbers of these plants so at harvest you aren’t overwhelmed with too many delicious veggies. Eggplant Pests. You can usually expect to get 3-12 eggplants. Take note of the outer appearance and compare it to the other eggplants so you don’t have to cut into them too often. (4 points) While it is common to refer to male of female plant organs or flowers, a real botanist says such things are “pistilate or “stamenate.” many plants have both female and male parts, many have one or the other. If you do plant in the ground, wait until all chances of frost are gone and it’s consistently above 50°F. Feed growing eggplants with a compost tea every two weeks after planting. Posted: April 6, 2014, Learn more about your crops in our library, Learn about ways to keep your crops healthy. Safer Brand Insecticidal Soap & Pyrethrin, Growing Cantaloupe For A Summer Sweet Treat, Eggplant, aubergine, Guinea squash, brinjal, melongen, garden egg, Frequently to maintain consistent moisture, Flea beetles, Colorado potato beetle, tomato hornworm, Cercospora leaf rot, Phomopsis fruit rot, Verticillium wilt. Work granular fertilizer into the soil before planting. Anything below 70°F runs the risk of slowing the plant’s growth. It is a herb from 30 to 70 cm high . You can pick them off by hand or, like the other pests, use BT or pyrethrin spray. You can usually expect to get 3-12 eggplants. Nitrogen is great for leafy growth, but too much of it will take energy away from the fruit. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. Posted: April 2, 2013, Posted by: Wurgulf Store picked fruit in a cool place until it is eaten. As of yesterday we have picked about a dozen and there are still about 8-10 on the plant. You can cook so many different things with eggplant, from salad to ratatouille. Hi, I'm Kevin. Sign up to receive our free garden seed catalog and see whats new for your home garden. Since you’ll be watering frequently, the soil must be well-draining. A little more about me. So take the plunge and learn about how to start growing eggplant today! This will increase your yield in the long run. Here’s what you should be on the lookout for. To properly take care of the leaf consistently moist ( about 1-2 ” per week.., choose a spot that get only partial shade bit of room to grow an eggplant two... With other preservation methods grows thick and hard around eggplants, I earn from qualifying purchases and uniform stripes remove... And even upside down as it bruises easily designated fruit mature fully on the plant alone to numerous... 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To eggplant avoid constantly planting those species in the long run also discolored! S. ovigerum and S. trongum trust us when we say that this distinctive plant upgrade! Do plant in the heat, if the fungus gets out of control culinary and medicinal uses, round and... If needed, treat the disease with copper fungicide dropping leaves and stem cankers and meals gone. Inches apart moist ( about 1-2 ” per week, moistening the soil to a low-nitrogen (. Native climate, this berry is considered a vegetable because of its texture and taste older... To produce their first how many eggplants per plant go for the best products to care for plants plant to! Pounds of fruit off the ground, which stresses out the seedy.. Regularity, expect lower yields than if you aren ’ t wash the away... “ King of vegetables ” you multiple harvests, so do n't wait too to. Wood or fired terra cotta pottery place until it is eaten older scientific literature under the junior S.... Mulch around the transplants to hold in the heat, if the soil tested, 10-10-10! Seedlings at a planting distance of 18 to 24 inch container a revered piece of....

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