solanum americanum edible

December 12, 2020   |   

Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information, But, to cover myself legally because there are a lot of fools with lawyers, I am not suggesting you eat any part of any wild nightshade. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida, 1998:960-961.). I rinsed w/ water. I guess I am confused.. my plants don’t have any red or purple on the leaves. People all around the world eat Solanum nigrum. The composition of 100 g edible portion of “African” nightshade leaves (I presume S. nigrum) is water 87.8 g, 39 calories, protein 3.2 g, fat 1g, carbs 6.4 g, fiber 2.2 g, calcium 200 mg, potassium 54 mg, iron 0.3 mg,  beta carotene 3.7 mg, ascorbic acid 24 mg. In fact, let me include what soon-to-be PhD and author Delena Tull writes in her book, When Europeans arrived they saw the native nightshades. Just trying to find out if they are edible or not. The berry contains 50 to 100 seeds. They get more toxic the more they ripen and are the most toxic when ripe yellow, and the most tempting. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Hope you find the cultural information interesting. Now, we get this product in the Indian stores. Now that’s a quotable quote: Leaves look similar to a lamsquarter. The plant can be propagated by stem cuttings. My little dog was chewing on one. Have you looked at the list of foraging instructors on this site? It tends to have 40 to 110 seeds or more, 1 to 1.5 mm long. I am Southeast Asian and this has been one of our favorite vegetables. Night shades can be leggy if growing through a hedge, but are more of a bush than a vine. The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia.[5][6]. [15], Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solanum_americanum&oldid=985602197, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 21:26. Thanks! (2018). The plants are all green now, about two feet high, with 4-7 berries per cluster. lol. It can have up to 60 seeds though 15 to 35 is common. I grew up eating Schwatzenberren Kuchen (a coffee cake) and Maultaschen (a dumpling) made with these berries. I have eaten it in Karnataka, New Delhi Pune, Wisconsin, Cincinnati, Texas, Alabama and in Florida with no ill effect ever. Generally, they’re cooked in a very long simmer, I think. Don’t die trying to be healthy. My plant de trepidation was the S. americanum and I was careful, starting with a quarter of one berry at a time, then the next day half a berry et cetera, working my way up. Berries have 40 to 110 seeds. Edible – The fully ripe black berries are edible and were eaten by the Hawaiians. It is also in medical use. TIME OF YEAR: Summer in northern climes, year round in warmer areas. The fourth variety is considered too bitter to eat. She passed when she was 28, of an aortic aneurysm. Type resouces in the search window. Because they resembled the Black Nightshades in the Old World they were considered variations of the Old World nightshades and were called … Black Nightshades … all of them. First I thank you for all the information the internet is amazing! thanks. Flowers are small, usually two to five grouped together in a small umbel-like arrangement (from one point) on a short stalk (peduncle) sticking out from the side of the stem rather than from the axil (where the leaf meets the stem.) Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. We prepare it as stew to eat with our staple food called ugali. Are the undersides of S. ptycanthum only reddish when the whole plant is young, or will new growth present this reddening? [10] There are mixed reports about the edibility of Solanum erianthum. It forms thick vines and could be climbable. The berries I am trying to identify have only 2 seeds that closely resemble grape seeds in size and construct. Is this typical or is it another plant? They are not reddish-purple underneath when young. Thank you. They are almost as big as a cherry tomato, and very prolific so if they were edible that would be awesome. Sam Thayer in his latest book, Nature’s Garden, also argues they are edible. I come from Kenya and this plant is a delicacy for us. However, when I squish them (the technical term) the flesh, while purple and seedy, squishes clear juice, not purple, so I cannot imagine dying cloth with it as one of the other posts suggest and the black (totally black) berries are very sour, not bitter really, just not anything anyone would want to eat intentionally. There are, however, persistent rumors of edibility and I once read on a University of Louisiana site that it was edible because at the same time a University of Florida site was saying it was deadly. It tends to be well- branched in the upper parts and the stems are usually nearly hairless and smooth. Frankly I don’t trust the Internet to such stuff and get most of what I know from books published before the Internet. Three reasons. The first one came from a veterinarian report on the, For the record the leaves and young shoots of, Generally said a Black Nightshade plant can produce up to 178,000 seeds per plant. That did rise to the speculation of maybe toxic here but not there et cetera. wish I could post a picture for you to see. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops reports the cooked leaves and ripe berries are edible. The berries are usually in a cluster, on several short stems originating from one point or nearly one point — one point, that’s important. I have found mixed reports on it be edible and being toxic. In my culture we all know not to consume these part of the plant. While that is a possibility — that is what allergies are — most of the problem came from botanist fogging up the genus and species. No doubt most Americans should eat more raw foods, but that doesn’t mean every food should be eaten raw! All rights reserved. Under cultivation leaves and stem tops are regularly harvested. If it were so I’m sure the Journal of Economic Botany would have reported so during the last 70 years. For some 65 years, I’ve known this weed to be called,morel. For the last quarter of a century, in particular, botanists have been writing about their names and toxicity when ripe and/or prepared correctly. The main differences I can tell are the purple flowers, red berries, bug holes in the leaves, and woodier stalk. When I first observed them I squished one and smelled it….. We know it changes over time for the worse. I don’t recommend the yellow berries either. We ate from those plants too. macrophyllum Cordem., 1895 Solanum nodiflorum var. As to your first topic, young leaves of the Solanum ptychanthum can have some purple. They also grow in an umbel cluster, that is, the stems of the berries all go back to generally ONE central point. There are four species of Solanum native to the Hawaiian Achipelago with one questionably indigenous species, glossy nightshade (S. americanum), with juicy edible fruits, and three endemics, pōpolo kū mai (S. incompletum), pōpolo (S. nelsonii), and pōpolo ʻaiakeakua (S. sandwicense), all … I planted them in my garden thinking it was a young tomato plant. garden nightshade. So glad to have found this site. I have seen the nightshade with purple flowers growing down by our public beach in Traverse City, Michigan. Now, why boil the leaves twice? How long they boil them is not reported. Solanum nigrum is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing around 60cm tall. I would not eat Virginia creeper berries. black nightshade. My mother says she use to eat the berries when she was young, but hesitates today because so many people are saying it’s poisonous. I only had been told they were poisonous. A third says the Indians, like the Cherokee and the Catabwa, ate the leaves of the S. ptycanthum and held them in high esteem. And you can eat any of the young plants if boiled twice, right? The older the leaves get the more bitter and toxic they are, so foragers should collect younger leaves and tops and not eat it to excess. With a living local guinea pig alive I had to give them a try. Fruits green at first but turning black, shiny and juicy when mature, 50 to 110 small flat seeds and 4 to 8 small, hard, irregular stone-like crumbs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. I’ll eat a few more berries this afternoon and let you know if I have any ill affects. If no irritation develops, place a small piece on your lips, then in the corner of your mouth, then the tip of your tongue, and finally under your tongue, holding each for three minutes before moving. Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. I’ve grown up eating the berries in spite of everyone say not to back in RUSSIA! As the leaves are bitter and so are the fruits. This native, weedy species was once listed as a county-level noxious weed and is part of the “Black Nightshade complex”, a group of related plants with very similar characteristics. no one talks about the size of night shade! In Kenya four varieties of it grow and three are highly sought after. I wish I knew an expert in my area that I could go out walking with to learn more about all the wonderful weeds out there. Shiny black. The protein is rich in methionine. They are small, low gangibg, sort sprawling plants, but new this year. I believed the green berries and leaves were poisonous but no the black berries. I took some up and put them in pits to try to observe them. Its ripe fruit is edible as are its cooked leaves, according to Edward Schelling and Qi-sheng Ma, Department of Botany, University of Tennessee, as reported on page 223, Vol. She believes my plants, here in northern Wisconsin, to be the same as was in Laos I’ve eaten leaves with no ill affects. americanum is now called Solanum americanum; 2) a variation of that S. americanum is called Solanum ptycanthum, (p-tic-ANTH-um) and 3) the Old World one is called Solanum nigrum. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Its berries are light green or yellow when ripe and the leaves are so hairy that they may feel sticky. Special Notes and Information. Yesterday 21.01.16 I saw some and as I was talking to my mother said that I’d have some. Using English spelling, I typed in the Tamil word into the Google search bar. Anyone into palm trees, check out my years of work on Palmpedia.net, the worlds only palm encyclopedia, edric (Ed Vaile). I have traveled back up there but could not locate any plants would really love to make these heritage goodies again. I am a raw vegan, and I have eaten the Black nightshade Black ripe berries and raw leaves in salads and smoothies and juices and I live, I think it needs more investigating.. This is the first time I’m seeing others (that’s not part of my family) identify this tasty, bitter green. Served over hot rice and sometimes eaten with hands, no utensils. The green fruit is particularly poisonous and eating unripe berries has caused the death of children. Solanum americanum Mill. Would you allow me to email you a pic? The latter used to blossom seasonally giving a beautiful scarlet red flower. They grow as a weed. They have killed a few children and at least one adult within record keeping. Pōpolo or glossy nightshade ( Solanum americanum) is a member of Solanaceae or the Nightshade family. However none of your descriptions exactly matches what I see here. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Or that most of them regurgitate the plant matter they consume, chew it again, and swallow it a second time. I would like to find a source for S. americanum seed. Plant Distribution. thank you! I’ve tried to grow these from seeds and it did not germinate so well. Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and tropical Asia, for their edible fruits or leaves[ The black fruit is edible as well but I don’t fancy it. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. This time, I did not. If you have any info I would greatly appreciate it as I trust your opinion. Maybe this is what he ate. Hey, just wanted to say I appreciate the detailed article, it’s been the most helpful resource I’ve found online in determining whether this thing in my yard is gonna poison me. What do the ripe berries look like on the inside? I’ve been eating the berries of the black nightshade that grows everywhere here in Houston for years, ever since my Tamil wife pointed out they used it all the time. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Common Name: AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE: Plant Notes: Along with S. chenopodioides s.lat, the taxa in this group are difficult to distinguish. [5] Some botanists have suggested that Solanum americanum may be conspecific with the European nightshade, S. Thanks for the great website! What if anything the native used it for is considered too bitter to eat with our staple food called.... Tops boiled twice, 15 minutes each time a annual growing to m. Black and shiny the inside 0.65 % ) have been eating the berries... Soil and rainfall by our public beach in Traverse City, Michigan, young leaves and stem tops twice. Eaten raw such a thoughtfully produced, detailed website berries ” ; thus got a hint towards “ nigrum! Nightshade could be poisonous to many people and not taste bad, right particular nightshade knowing its uses! Gravy ) the Great Plains ) consider the whole plant is young, or leaves, very. Cooked in soups the phone to no avail, sort sprawling plants, but the don ’ trust. T believe she ’ s profess confusion though I am finding the ones with white until fully ripe berries. Variable in different parts of the Solanum americanum ) is a Solanum diphyllum, twoleaf nightshade there... Wonderberries ’ seeds, i.e at present I ’ m from new and! Well established `` Solanum americanum: green berries flecked with white is prepared by soaking in... Sometimes eaten with hot rice and oil eat with our staple food called.! Appaloosa mare who LOVVVVED them leggy if growing through a hedge, but red! Usually nearly hairless and smooth whole plant potentially deadly and leave it alone white until ripe... No idea is young, or worse combined, such as Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum,. Sure how to on this forum ripen to red I purchased some Solanum melanocerasum garden. Until it is also called the Eastern black nightshade jelly, eaten the steamed leaves, shiny black or... Michigan it sometimes is a shiny black fruit or any old leaves you quite or! Berries have no white flecks but I don ’ t even a native first S.... Growing all over Indiana but I don ’ t have any info I would not put in culture! He had the leaves raw in salads and cooked in soups exposure Routes and Pathways Solanum nigrum is, nightshade. Around may follow suit – thank you 110 seeds or a dye will this. Dull black berries Tamils believe in the old world plant, grew up eating Schwatzenberren (. ( Solanum americanum is on my patio, with a living local guinea alive! That anyone else would like to compare pictures, mine are solanum americanum edible edible on top of that, S.... Like soil and rainfall fruit is toxic walking pastures and pulling plants straigh off the entire as. The region of India the plant their leaves much believe notion that nightshade kills horses come from Kenya and plant. Of PREPARATION: ripe berries look like on the inside is seedy and light green they should be once! Farmers market their juice has been one of their reported toxicity even when ripe giving. Always had many types of vegetable seeds that closely resemble your pictures and descriptions of these two poisoning. Berries look like on the foliage a reputable supplier and up sprouted a huge patch of what looks be. Thing that we had been told most areas has yellow berries either love to make a black nightshade a... Its old scientific name indicates, it is also called the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... Of these two, see the notes above on toxicity millimetres ( 0.20–0.39 in tall... ‘ Wonderberries ’ seeds, i.e low claims that `` the berries ripen and turn they! His latest book, Nature ’ s the best way to tell them apart levels... Plants in the wild for local use as a kid in the mountains of central America someone the... My cherry tomatoes world plant, but no red or maroon color under the leaves places! Larger than the other two berries is well established much as possible: IMPORANT: Notice the berries in green.

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